Bitcoin Explanation for Dummies - jamesreilly.uk

Bitcoin Halving: Explained <---Bitcoin for dummies explanation

Bitcoin Halving: Explained <---Bitcoin for dummies explanation submitted by GypsyGold to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

Bitcoin Halving <---Bitcoin For Dummies Explanation

Bitcoin Halving <---Bitcoin For Dummies Explanation submitted by GypsyGold to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Bitcoin for dummies explanation needed. Please help a girl out. How would bitcoins change my life. Convert me, but use very basic terms.

How would it apply to me? I own my own home PAID IN FULL. i own my 2 cars in full. I pay off my credit cards in full EVERY MONTH. I work in social services and i am not a business person. How would BITCOIN benefit me or my family??
But explain it to me like i am 5. I read the wiki on it and i am lost. I am leary of it and someone just called me an idiot because i dont get it. Please help me understand it in my situation...
Btw ELI5 wouldnt allow me to post this becasue it was a very specific question. I searched through posts and its either too confusing or it doesnt aplly to me specifislly SMH ... Reddit is a confusing place sometimes
submitted by Rpizza to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

I don't think I have ever heard such a convoluted explanation. 3 guys who should have read Bitcoin for Dummies before opening their mouths. Interesting that they say market cap may reach $1 Trillion US before it heads down.

I don't think I have ever heard such a convoluted explanation. 3 guys who should have read Bitcoin for Dummies before opening their mouths. Interesting that they say market cap may reach $1 Trillion US before it heads down. submitted by larfme to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

"What is Bitcoin" for dummies - A simple, non technical explanation for beginners

submitted by BTC_Hamster to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

I am working on a Explain-It-Like-I-Am-5 step by step breakdown explanation of Bitcoin. I could use some feedback. When done it will be nice to link to. It's the whitepaper for dummies! Einstein said: if you can't explain it simple enough you don't understand it. /r/btc

I am working on a Explain-It-Like-I-Am-5 step by step breakdown explanation of Bitcoin. I could use some feedback. When done it will be nice to link to. It's the whitepaper for dummies! Einstein said: if you can't explain it simple enough you don't understand it. /btc submitted by BitcoinAllBot to BitcoinAll [link] [comments]

I don't think I have ever heard such a convoluted explanation. 3 guys who should have read Bitcoin for Dummies before opening their mouths. Interesting that they say market cap may reach $1 Trillion US before it heads down.

I don't think I have ever heard such a convoluted explanation. 3 guys who should have read Bitcoin for Dummies before opening their mouths. Interesting that they say market cap may reach $1 Trillion US before it heads down. submitted by BitcoinAllBot to BitcoinAll [link] [comments]

Hard fork, the Dummy begs for explanation /r/Bitcoin

Hard fork, the Dummy begs for explanation /Bitcoin submitted by BitcoinAllBot to BitcoinAll [link] [comments]

"What is Bitcoin" for dummies - A simple, non technical explanation for beginners

submitted by BTC_Hamster to BitcoinUK [link] [comments]

"What is Bitcoin" for dummies - A simple, non technical explanation for beginners

submitted by BTC_Hamster to BitcoinCA [link] [comments]

WHAT ARE BUSINESSES ACCEPTING AMONG CRYPTOCURRENCIES AS PAYMENT -Mickael Mosse, Blockchain and Cryptocurrency Expert

WHAT ARE BUSINESSES ACCEPTING AMONG CRYPTOCURRENCIES AS PAYMENT -Mickael Mosse, Blockchain and Cryptocurrency Expert
A useful activity to get closer to a new situation is relating it with real and daily things. Maybe, if you have read those “For Dummies” books, you know the importance of getting topics in simple words to become familiar with it.
Mickael Mosse, Blockchain and Cryptocurrency Expert, wants to bring you a simple guide to walk into your first steps in the crypto world.
Let's go for this crypto walk!

Mickael Mosse about payments with crypto.
But, what businesses are accepting cryptocurrencies as payment?
Indeed, nowadays, the list is not so big, but you can practice with someones from today. In that way, in a couple of years, when all businesses accept crypto, you will be ready to take quick payment action.
Mickael Mosse searched for some examples of day-to-day shopping, concluding if more companies begin to accept cryptos as payment methods, the more mainstream crypto will become.
● If you want to buy Xbox store credits, Microsoft accepts bitcoin as payment in it.
● If it is lunchtime in Canada and you are thinking “chicken salad,” you can go to KFC and pay for it with bitcoin.
● If you are a user of AT&T or T-Mobile Poland, you can pay in bitcoin for your mobile bill.
● If you plan your next holiday, visit the CheapAir website to book flights and the Expedia website for travel services; both accept bitcoin.
● Or suppose it is Saturday afternoon, and there is a live play session on Twitch’s online streaming platform. In that case, you can pay with bitcoin for your subscription to support your favorite streamer.
● And also, you can get your fruits and vegetables at Whole Foods markets paying with bitcoins too.
You can check more useful examples of daily things and services you can now buy with crypto. Remember to check your country specifications in each case.
Your name and your money will always be safe and recorded.
When you buy a pair of shoes with a credit card, the store and the bank have all your data. Still, in crypto issues, depending on the crypto that you are going to use, the level of anonymity can be high or low.
For example, according to Mickael Mosse’s explanation, bitcoin transactions are public and traceable. You don't have to give any personal information. All crypto-buyers must have a specific address that identifies its transactions, so you can always check your operations record searching by your address.
In Bitcoin.org’s words, “Bitcoin is designed to allow its users to send and receive payments with an acceptable level of privacy as well as any other form of money. However, Bitcoin is not anonymous and cannot offer the same level of privacy as cash”.
Essential things in life require training. Walking through the crypto-world could seem like a trial and error mode because cryptocurrency is not just a trend; it is now part of daily life. All changes can be adapted, but now you have some information in advance to start thanks to the info collected by Mickael Mosse.
Tim Draper, the founder of Draper Associates and Draper University of Heroes in Silicon Valley (USA), answered the question about how to start in crypto in this way:
Open a Coinbase account, put some money into it to buy some crypto, and then send it to your friend to check it: "All of a sudden, you'll realize why this is awesome. It's so easy. You're holding your currency right there". So, I ask you: What are you waiting for?
submitted by williamsouza10 to u/williamsouza10 [link] [comments]

WHAT ARE BUSINESSES ACCEPTING AMONG CRYPTOCURRENCIES AS PAYMENT -Mickael Mosse, Blockchain and Cryptocurrency Expert

A useful activity to get closer to a new situation is relating it with real and daily things. Maybe, if you have read those “For Dummies” books, you know the importance of getting topics in simple words to become familiar with it.
Mickael Mosse, Blockchain and Cryptocurrency Expert, wants to bring you a simple guide to walk into your first steps in the crypto world.
Let's go for this crypto walk!
But, what businesses are accepting cryptocurrencies as payment?
Indeed, nowadays, the list is not so big, but you can practice with someones from today. In that way, in a couple of years, when all businesses accept crypto, you will be ready to take quick payment action.
Mickael Mosse searched for some examples of day-to-day shopping, concluding if more companies begin to accept cryptos as payment methods, the more mainstream crypto will become.
● If you want to buy Xbox store credits, Microsoft accepts bitcoin as payment in it.
● If it is lunchtime in Canada and you are thinking “chicken salad,” you can go to KFC and pay for it with bitcoin.
● If you are a user of AT&T or T-Mobile Poland, you can pay in bitcoin for your mobile bill.
● If you plan your next holiday, visit the CheapAir website to book flights and the Expedia website for travel services; both accept bitcoin.
● Or suppose it is Saturday afternoon, and there is a live play session on Twitch’s online streaming platform. In that case, you can pay with bitcoin for your subscription to support your favorite streamer.
● And also, you can get your fruits and vegetables at Whole Foods markets paying with bitcoins too.
You can check more useful examples of daily things and services you can now buy with crypto. Remember to check your country specifications in each case.
Your name and your money will always be safe and recorded.
When you buy a pair of shoes with a credit card, the store and the bank have all your data. Still, in crypto issues, depending on the crypto that you are going to use, the level of anonymity can be high or low.
For example, according to Mickael Mosse’s explanation, bitcoin transactions are public and traceable. You don't have to give any personal information. All crypto-buyers must have a specific address that identifies its transactions, so you can always check your operations record searching by your address.
In Bitcoin.org’s words, “Bitcoin is designed to allow its users to send and receive payments with an acceptable level of privacy as well as any other form of money. However, Bitcoin is not anonymous and cannot offer the same level of privacy as cash”.
Essential things in life require training. Walking through the crypto-world could seem like a trial and error mode because cryptocurrency is not just a trend; it is now part of daily life. All changes can be adapted, but now you have some information in advance to start thanks to the info collected by Mickael Mosse.
Tim Draper, the founder of Draper Associates and Draper University of Heroes in Silicon Valley (USA), answered the question about how to start in crypto in this way:
Open a Coinbase account, put some money into it to buy some crypto, and then send it to your friend to check it: "All of a sudden, you'll realize why this is awesome. It's so easy. You're holding your currency right there". So, I ask you: What are you waiting for?
submitted by Accurate-Gap-8536 to u/Accurate-Gap-8536 [link] [comments]

Some perceived catalysts for MARA

Firstly, let me say, I hate how energy-intensive Bitcoin is and would never support the market for mining it in the long-term. However, below are what I believe to be a series of perceived catalysts for MARA as a swing play.
Yes, some are more compelling than others. And yes, some should never even be graced with the name 'catalyst', but in the era of Lambos and rocketships, they will very much (unfortunately) be taken as such by those more naive to the space.
What does MARA do?
MARA mines Bitcoin.
What is Bitcoin?
In essence, a digital currency. A form of value not governed by any government or centralized institution. Hopefully this isn't news to you, but if not, here is a good place to start.
What is mining?
In essence, the process that is required to generate new bitcoins (better explanation here). Much like mining for gold or drilling for oil, you need to follow a process in order to generate more Bitcoin. Much like other commodities too, the price that they are selling for has a big impact on how profitable miners are.
Why MARA, why now?
Bitcoin has been flirting with the $10,000 mark for some time now. $10k for Bitcoin is a bit like $1 for a penny stock. It's tough to break, but once you do, a lot of heads start to turn. If Bitcoin moves, MARA is more than probably going to follow suit.
Catalysts
submitted by pfcrock to pennystocks [link] [comments]

Multisignature technology question

I am interested in how multisignatures in bitcoin or in cryptography in general are created(some code and math) and how they are verified(code and math) . I understand how ECDSA signatures work and there is plenty of info out there. However there are no real technical explanations for multisignature technology in bitcoin or in general. I've been searching through the internet and bitcoin core like a dummy and I cant find anything. Help is much appreciated.
submitted by frturtle to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Dxchain Alkademy - All about Mainnet?

Dxchain Alkademy - All about Mainnet?

Dxchain Mainnet

Recently, Dxchain team announced the launch of Dxchain project's mainnet alpha. You can find the article containing the release here.

In this article, the team summarized briefly on what mainnet entails as quoted below:

It is well known that mainnet is the fundamental of a blockchain project, cryptocurrency is not a real blockchain technology until the Mainnet launch. Any concepts, ideas or theories are not realizable. DxChain has been committed to building a secure and efficient decentralized big data storage and computing network from the beginning. The construction, development and performance of DxChain network are what DxChain engineers caring about. The release of DxChain Mainnet Alpha represents that DxChain has basically completed the construction of the public chain framework, in which smart contracts, storage contracts, DPoS consensus algorithms, mining and other functions have been developed; also represents DxChain's transformation from cryptocurrency to a real public chain.

The explanation is concise enough for an average crypto user to understand what mainnet is. In this article, I will try to expand a bit farther on the idea of mainnet and why it is necessary for a project like DxchainNetwork to have a mainnet.

In the forum discussion I started here, I gathered knowledge of how mainnet works which gave me the clear insight of what I needed to know. Firstly, let us take a deeper look of what a mainnet is.

What Is A Mainnet?

Before now, On July 8, Dxchain launched her testnet and officially announced it here. It evidenced that the Dxchain Team had the prototype of the project up for running. That brings me to contrasting between Mainnet and Testnet. A Mainnet stands for the "Main Network" is the “real” cryptocurrency network where testnet represents a dummy alternatively network for the purposes of testing only. The cryptocurrency coins/token generated on testnet mostly aren't real since they do not have any monetary value as compared to that of mainnet with monetary value.

The functionality of transferring a digital currency between the parties involved is rendered on the mainnet. It is on the mainnet that the decentralized applications are developed and deployed.

According to Binance Academy ,Mainnet is the term used to describe when a blockchain protocol is fully developed and deployed, meaning that cryptocurrency transactions are being broadcasted, verified, and recorded on a distributed ledger technology (blockchain).
In cryptocurrencies, mainnets are the end products in blockchain projects that make it possible for transactions to be carried out. It also undergoes changes from time to time when there is need for updates or review. Before an investors makes his decision to invest in an Initial Coin Offering (ICO), it appears very crucial to be sure the blockchain project has a mainnet. Both mainnet or a testnet indicate the seriousness of a project as they affect the price of a cryptocurrency in one way or another.

Does Mainnet Affect Price of coin?

On Dxchain's telegram communuty, I have witnessed several users asking questions like "Admin, Why the pump?, "Admin, price is high. Why! and so on. It is obvious there are so many who seem not having the right information before investing in a coin resulting in them either losing or missing out of good projects. This accounts for why this article is necessary. Continuous upgrades and revision of the mainnet function is a must if a cryptocurrency project is to enjoy wide success in terms of rising price which I believe the Dxchain Team have in their routine plan board. For instance, Bitcoin is one project that has enjoyed immense success in cryptocurrency environment, in part because of Mainnet upgrades.

Recently, the top cryptocurrency by market capitalization launched Lightning Network -a mainnet feature that added a second layer on the blockchain. The Off-chain solution was a significant update intended to make BTC more scalable thus allowing the blockchain to handle more transactions per second.`

Conclusion

In conclusion, a mainnet launch is a planned and or defining time for a blockchain project to open to public and commence mass adaptation. When a blockchain project team is ready to roll out their official end product, they will carry out a “mainnet launch”, putting the product into actual production and operations.


Resources
Reference 1
Reference 2
Website
Telegram
Reddit
submitted by Bobelr to DxChainNetwork [link] [comments]

Ethereum's future is bright, the DApps are coming!

The DApps are coming, the DApps are coming!

Chin up boys and girls – the DApps (Decentralized Apps) are finally coming. Utility, not speculation/manipulation/shilling etc., is what, in the end, will give/justify the value of blockchains.
 
Of the top 100 tokens, 91 of them are on the Ethereum blockchain (ERC-20). The most valuable non-Ethereum tokens by market cap are USDT (4) and GAS (25). Eventually, ICX (6), VeChain (3) and EOS (1) and several others will be migrating to their own blockchains. Still, this leaves Ethereum with an overwhelming market dominance for tokens (aka DApps) and Ethereum has been clearly recognized as the blockchain to launch ICOs/DApps.
 
We have already seen several DApps successfully launch on mainnet including CrytptoKitties, Crypto Sportz, Edgeless, Etherbots, Ethercraft, Etheremon, Etheroll, ETHLend, Forkdelta (RIP Etherdelta), 0xBitcoin and Ethlance among others. Check out a whole list on DappRadar and track the progress of some lesser known, smaller projects on StateoftheDApps (Note: I cannot vouch for all of these DApps. There have been and always will be scammers in the crypto space. Please, always do your own research!)
 
For the rest of March + Q2 (April - June) we are going see the biggest implementation of DApps on the Ethereum mainnet to date. Below I’ve laid out, in alphabetical order and in varying detail, what’s happening between now and the end of Q2 of this year. (I’ve also added some info, where especially relevant, of big stuff coming after Q2). I hope any biases I may have do not come through too much in the writing.
 
To hammer home on utility once more: One year ago today, the daily transaction count was at 57,000. Yesterday, the network confirmed over 752,000 transactions (a 13x increase) (And remember, ATH in January was 1.349 million txns!) [Source]
 

On to the DApps:

 
Airswap
Subreddit
 
Aragon
Subreddit
 
Augur
Subreddit
 
BlockCAT
Subreddit
 
Digix
Subreddit
 
Ethorse
Subreddit
 
FunFair
Subreddit
 
FundRequest
Subreddit
 
Giveth
Wiki
 
Golem
Subreddit
 
iExec
Subreddit
 
Kyber
Subreddit
 
MakerDAO
Subreddit
This project can take a little time to understand, so here's a thorough ELIM5 walkthrough.
 
Melonport
Subreddit
 
OmiseGO
Subreddit
 
Request
Subreddit
 
Spankchain
Subreddit
 
status.im
Subreddit
 
Streamr
Subreddit
 
The 0x Protocol
Subreddit
 
Also, an informative article about some of the differences between the various decentralized exchange protocols here.
 
Some general Ethereum news to be excited about:
 
  • Vitalik recently hinted, in a since deleted tweet, that the sharding testnet will be coming online in the near future (I think Q2 isn’t too early a guess).
    • What is sharding? Sharding is where the entire state of the network is split into a bunch of partitions called shards that contain their own independent piece of state and transaction history. In this system, certain nodes would process transactions only for certain shards, allowing the throughput of transactions processed in total across all shards to be much higher than having a single shard do all the work as the mainchain does now. [Source]
 
  • Alpha Casper FFG testnet has been successfully running since Dec. 31, 2017.
    • What is Casper? Casper FFG aka Vitalik’s Casper is a hybrid POW/POS consensus mechanism. This is the version of Casper that is going to be implemented first. In a Proof of Stake system, validators stake a portion of their Ethers and start validating blocks. Meaning, when they discover a block which they think can be added to the chain, they will validate it by placing a bet on it. [Source]
 
(To stay up-to-date on Ethereum research development, check out Ethresear.ch)
 
  • The Ethereum Community Conference (EthCC) is March 8-10 in Paris. Talks will focus around “scalability, anonymity, development tools, governance compliance” among other topics.
    • Speakers include representatives from the Ethereum Foundation, Ledger, Metamask, Shapeshift, Oraclize, Uport, Web3Foundation, Melonport, ConsenSys, JP Morgan, Coinbase – Toshi, Parity, SpankChain, FunFair, Aragon, AirSwap, EEA, IExec, Cosmos, OmiseGO, Circle, Gnosis, among others.
    • UPDATE: EthCC was a resounding success! If you missed it or want to re-watch any of the talks, check out this handy thread of videos, painstakingly culled and timestamped by u/alsomahler.
  • The Ethereum Developer Conference (EDCON) is May 3-5 in Toronto. This will be the biggest ETH dev conference since DEVCON 3 last November. The agenda is still being worked out, but speakers include representatives from the Ethereum Foundation, Polkadot, Parity, Plasma, OmiseGO, Cosmos, Tendermint, Giveth, Maker, Gnosis, and many others.
  • The Enterprise Ethereum Foundation (EEF) just keeps growing and growing and growing.
 

More, because I just can’t stop:

  • MetaMask recently passed 1 million installs!
  • 5.6 billion requests per day for Infura.io (Decentralized web3 infrastructure)
  • 280,000 downloads of TruffleSuit (ETH development framework)
    [Source]
 
  • ConsenSys has grown to over 600 employees in six major offices located around the world. I personally think ConsenSys is important (and awesome) because they are huge Ethereum evangelists and provide (in)valuable resources to help bring DApps come to life!
    • From their website: “The ConsenSys “hub” coordinates, incubates, accelerates and spawns “spoke” ventures through development, resource sharing, acquisitions, investments and the formation of joint ventures. These spokes benefit from foundational components built by ConsenSys that enable new services and business models to be built on the blockchain.”
    • Several of the projects I listed above are ConSensys formations including AirSwap and MetaMask.
 
Thanks for reading this far! Hopefully it wasn’t too exhausting of a read.
 
I am certain I have forgotten some DApps, so please feel free to comment/PM any and all suggestions/corrections to make this list more informative/inclusive/accurate and I will update it.
TL;DR
submitted by GetYourAssToPluto to ethtrader [link] [comments]

FUD Copy Pastas

**Last updated: May 30, 2018: Updated wallet info with release of Trinity.
This 4 part series from the IOTA foundation covers most of the technical FUD centered at IOTA.
https://blog.iota.org/official-iota-foundation-response-to-the-digital-currency-initiative-at-the-mit-media-lab-part-1-72434583a2
Also the official IOTA faq on iota.org answers nearly all of these questions if you want to hear the answers directly.
Purpose of Writing
Since posting FUD is so ridiculously low-effort in comparison to setting the record straight, I felt it necessary to put a log of copy-pastas together to balance the scales so its just as easy to answer the FUD as it was to generate it. So next time you hear someone say "IOTA is centralized", you no longer have to take an hour out of your day and spin your wheels with someone who likely had an agenda to begin with. You just copy-paste away and move on.
It's also worth mentioning IOTA devs are too damn busy working on the protocol and doing their job to answer FUD. So I felt a semblance of responsibility.
Here they are. These answers are too my understanding so if you see something that doesn't look right let me know! They are divided into the following categories so if you are interested in a specific aspect of IOTA you can scroll to that section.
1) WALLET
2) COMMUNITY
3) INVESTING
4) TECHNICAL

WALLET

IOTA was hacked and users funds were stolen!

First, IOTA was not hacked. The term “hacked” is thrown around way too brazingly nowadays and often used to describe events that weren’t hacks to begin with. Its a symptom of this space growing way too fast creating situations of the blind leading the blind and causing hysteria.
What happened:
Many IOTA users trusted a certain 3rd party website to create their seed for their wallets. This website silently sent copies of all the seeds generated to an email address and waited till it felt it had enough funds, then it took everyones money simultaneously. That was the ”hack”.
https://blog.iota.org/the-secret-to-security-is-secrecy-d32b5b7f25ef
The lesson:
The absolute #1 marketed feature of crypto is that you are your own bank. Of everything that is common knowledge about crypto, this is at the top. But being your own bank means you are responsible for the security of your own funds. There is no safety net or centralized system in place that is going to bail you out.
For those that don’t know (and you really should if you’ve invested in anything crypto), your seed is your username-pw-security question-backup email all rolled into one. Would you trust a no-name 3rd party website to produce your username+pw for your bank account? Because thats essentially what users did.
The fix:
Make your seed offline with the generators in the sidebar or use dice. This is outlined in the “how to generate wallet and seed” directly following.
The trinity and carriota wallets will have seed generators within them upon their release.

How to generate wallet and seed

1) Download official trinity wallet here
2) follow the instructions on the app.
3) Do not run any apps in conjunction with the trinity app. Make sure all other apps are completely closed out on your device.

Are you sure a computer can’t just guess my seed?

An IOTA seed is 81 characters long. There are more IOTA seed combinations than atoms in the universe. All the computers in the world combined would take millions billions of years just to find your randomly generated one that’s located somewhere between the 0th and the 2781st combination. The chance for someone to randomly generate the exact same seed as yours is 1 / (2781).
If you can’t fathom the number 27 ^ 81, this video should help:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p8YIdmwcubc

Why is Trinity wallet taking so long!!??

Trinity is out. https://trinity.iota.org/

COMMUNITY

IOTA introduction video to share with family

https://youtu.be/LyC04NrJ3yA

Tangle visualizers

http://tangle.glumb.de/

How to setup a full node

Download Bolero and run! Bolero is an all-in-one full node install package with the latest IOTA IRI and Nelson all under a one-click install!
https://github.com/SemkoDev/bolero.fun/releases
"If you want to help the network then spam the network. If you really want to help the network then create a full node and let others spam you!"

No questions or concerns get upvoted, only downvoted!

That’s just the nature of this business. Everyone in these communities has money at stake and are extremely incentivized to keep only positive news at the top of the front page. There is nothing you're going to do about that on this subreddit or any crypto subreddit. It's just a reddit fact of life we have to deal with. Everyone has a downvote and everyone has an upvote. But what can be done is just simply answer the questions even if they are downvoted to hell. Yea most people wont' see the answers or discussion but that one person will. every little bit counts.
I will say that there are most certainly answers to nearly every FUD topic out there. Every single one. A lot of the posts I'm seeing as of late especially since the price spike are rehashed from months ago. They are often not answered not because there isn't an answeexplanation, but because regulars who have the answers simply don't see them (for the reason listed above). I can see how it's easy for this to be interpreted (especially by new users) as there not being an answer or "the FUDsters are on to something" but thats just not the case.

Developer's candidness (aka dev's are assholes!)

http://www.reddit.com/Iota/comments/7obyyx/serious_talk_about_pr_system_iota_and_david/ds8ouvc
http://www.reddit.com/Iota/comments/7obyyx/serious_talk_about_pr_system_iota_and_david/ds8rega
http://www.reddit.com/Iota/comments/7oi9g8/why_is_everyone_so_critical_of_david_this_has_to/ds9rtbb
https://i.redd.it/qb0ik4tgny401.jpg
Lastly and to no surprise, David conducts himself very professionally in this interview even when asked several tough questions about the coordinator and MIT criticism.

IOTA Devs do not respond appropriately to criticism

When critiquers provide feedback that is ACTUALLY useful to the devs, then sure they'll be glad to hear it. So far not once has an outside dev brought up something that the IOTA devs found useful. Every single time it ends up being something that was already taken into consideration with the design and if the critiquer did an ounce of research they would know that. Thus you often find the IOTA devs dismissing their opinion as FUD and responding with hostility because all their critique is really doing is sending the message to their supporters that they are not supposed to like IOTA anymore.
Nick Johnson was a perfect example of this. The Ethereum community was co-existing [peacefully]with IOTA’s community (as they do with nearly all alt coins) until Nick wrote his infamous article. Then almost overnight Ethereum decided it didn’t like IOTA anymore and we’ve been dealing with that shit since. As of today, add LTC to that list with Charlie’s (even admitting) ignorant judgement of IOTA.
12/17/2017: Add John McAfee (bitcoin cash) and Peter Todd (bitcoin) to the list of public figures who have posted ignorantly on IOTA.

A lot of crypto communities certainly like to hate on IOTA...

IOTA is disrupting the disrupters. It invented a completely new distributed ledger infrastructure (the tangle) that replaces the blockchain and solves all of its fundamental problems (namely fees and scaling). To give you an idea of this significance, 99% of the cryptocurrencies that exist are built on a block chain. These projects have billions of dollars invested into them meaning everyone in their communities are incentivized to see IOTA fail and spread as much FUD about it as possible. This includes well known organizations, public figures, and brands. Everyone commenting in these subreddits and crypto communities have their own personal money at stake and skin in the game. Misinformation campaigns, paid reddit posters, upvote/downvote bots, and corrupt moderators are all very real in this space.

INVESTING

How do I buy IOTA

https://medium.com/@fuo213/how-to-buy-iota-the-complete-guide-for-crypto-dummies-e63560caf921

What is the IOTA foundation?

IOTA foundation is a non-profit established in Germany and recognized by the European Union. Blog post here: https://blog.iota.org/iota-foundation-fb61937c9a7e

How many companies and organizations are interested, partnered or actively using IOTA?

A lot, and often too many to keep up with.
https://reddit.com/Iota/comments/7f3dmx/list_of_known_iota_partnerships_corporate/

How was IOTA distributed?

All IOTAs that will ever exist were sold at the ICO in 2015. There was no % reserved for development. Devs had to buy in with their personal money. Community donated back 5% of all IOTA so the IOTA foundation could be setup.

No inflation schedule? No additional coins? How is this sustainable?

Interestingly enough, IOTA is actually the only crypto that does not run into any problems with a currency cap and deflationaryism. Because there are zero fees, you will always be able to pay for something for exactly what it's worth using IOTA, no matter how small the value. If by chance in the future a single iota grows so large in value that it no longer allows someone to pay for something in fractions of a penny, the foundation would just add decimal points allowing for a tenth or a hundreth or a thousandth of an iota to be transacted with.
To give you some perspective, if a single IOTA equals 1 penny, IOTA would have a 27 trillion dollar market cap (100x that of Bitcoin's today)

IOTA is not for P2P, only for M2M

With the release of the trinity wallet, it's now dead simple for anyone to use IOTA funds for P2P. Try it out.

Companies technically don’t have to use the IOTA token

Yes they do
Worth clarifying that 0 iota data transactions are perfectly fine and are welcomed since they still provide pow for 2 other transactions and help secure the network. In the early stages, these types of transactions will probably be what give us the tps/pow needed to remove the coordinator and allow the network defend 34% attacks organically.
But... if someone does not want to sell or exchange their data for free (0 IOTA transaction), then Dominic is saying that the IOTA token must be used for that or any exchange in value on the network.
This is inherently healthy for the ecosystem since it provides a neutral and non-profit middle ground that all parties/companies can trust. If one company made their own token it wouldn’t be trusted since companies are incentivized by profits and nothing is stopping them from manipulating their token to make them more money. Thus, the IOTA foundation will not partner with anyone who refuses to take this option off the table.

All these companies are going to influence IOTA development!!

These companies have no influence on the development of IOTA. They either choose to use it or they don’t.

Internet of things is cheap and will stay cheap

Internet of things is one application of IOTA and considered by many to be the 4th industrial revolution. Go do some googling. IOTA having zero fees enables M2M for the first time in history. Also, if a crypto can do M2M it sure as shit can do M2P and P2P. M2M is hard mode.

IOTA surpassing speculation

IOTA, through the data marketplace and [qubic](qubic.iota.org), will be the first crypto to surpass speculation and actually be used in the real world for something. From there, it will branch out into other use cases, such as P2P. Or maybe P2P use of IOTA will grow in parallel with M2M, because why not?
https://blog.iota.org/iota-data-marketplace-cb6be463ac7f
12/19/17 update: Bosch reinforces IOTA's break-out from speculation by buying IOTA tokens for its future use in the data marketplace. https://i.redd.it/8e5b8bi9ov401.png
http://www.bosch-presse.de/pressportal/de/en/robert-bosch-venture-capital-makes-first-investment-in-distributed-ledger-technology-137411.html

Investing in a new project barely off the ground

Investing in a project in its early stages was something typically reserved for wealthy individuals/organizations before ICO’s became a thing. With early investing comes much less hand holding and more responsibility on the user to know what they are doing. If you have a hard time accepting this responsibility, don’t invest and wait for the technology to get easier for you. How many people actually knew how to use and mine bitcoin in 2009 before it had all its gui infrastructure?
IOTA is a tangle, the first of its kind. NOT a copy paste blockchain. As a result wallets and applications for IOTA are the first of their kind and translating the tangle into a nice clean user-friendly blockchain experience for the masses is even more taxing.

Why is the price of my coin falling?!

This may be the most asked question on any crypto subreddit but it's also the easiest to explain. The price typically falls when bad things happen to a coin or media fabricates bad news about a coin and a portion of investors take it seriously. The price increases when good things happen to a coin, such as a new exchange listing or a partnership announced etc.. The one piece that is often forgotten but trumps all these effects is something called "market forces".
Market forces is what happens to your coin when another coin gets a big news hit or a group of other coins get big news hits together. For example, when IOTA data marketplace released, IOTA hit a x5 bull run in a single week. But did you notice all the other alt coins in the red? There are a LOT of traders that are looking at the space as a whole and looking to get in on ANY bull action and will sell their other coins to do so. This effect can also be compounded over a long period of time such as what we witnessed when the bitcoin fork FOMO was going on and alt coins were squeezed continuously to feed it for weeks/months.
These examples really just scratch the surface of market forces but the big takeaway is that your coin or any coin will most certainly fall (or rise) in price at the result of what other coins are doing, with the most well known example being bitcoin’s correlation to every coin on the market. If you don't want to play the market-force game or don't have time for it, then you can never go wrong buying and holding.
It's also important to note that there are layers of investors. There's a top layer of light-stepping investors that are a mixture of day traders and gamblers trying to jump in and jump out to make quick money then look for the next buying (or shorting) opportunity at another coin. There's a middle layer of buyers and holders who did their research, believe in the tech and placing their bets it will win out in the long run. And the bottom layer are the founders and devs that are in it till the bitter end and there to see the vision realized. When a coin goes on a bull run, always expect that any day the top layer is going to pack up and leave to the next coin. But the long game is all about that middle layer. That is the layer that will be giving the bear markets their price-drop resistance. That is why the meme "HODL" is so effective because it very elegantly simplifies this whole concept for the common joe and makes them a part of that middle layer regardless if they understand whats going on or not.

TECHNICAL

How is IOTA free and how does it scale

IOTA is an altruistic system. Proof of work is done in IOTA just like bitcoin. Only a user’s device/phone must do pow for 2 other transactions before issuing one of its own. Therefore no miners and no fees. And the network becomes faster the more transactions are posted. Because of this, spamming the network is encouraged since they provide pow for 2 other transactions and speed up the network.

IOTA is centralized

IOTA is more decentralized than any blockchain crypto that relies on 5 pools of miners, all largely based in China. Furthermore, the coordinator is not a server in the dev’s basement that secretly processes all the transactions. It’s several nodes all around the globe that add milestone transactions to show the direction of the IF’s tangle within the DAG so people don’t accidentally follow a fork from a malicious actor. Anyone with the know-how can fork the tangle right now with a double-spend. But no one would follow their fork because the coordinator reveals which tangle is the legit IF one. If the coordinator wasn’t there (assuming low honest-transaction volume), there would be no way to discern which path to follow especially after the tangle diverges into forks of forks. Once throughout of honest transactions is significant enough, the “honest tangle” will replace the coordinated one and people will know which one to follow simply because it’s the biggest one in the room.
Referencing the coordinator is also optional.
Also, if you research and understand how IOTA intends to work without the coordinator, it’s easier to accept it for now as training wheels. I suggest reading pg 15 and on of the white paper analyzing in great depth how the network will defend different attack scenarios without a coordinator. For the past several months, IOTA foundation has been using St Petersburg college’s super computer to stress test IOTA and learn when they can turn the coordinator off. There will likely be a blog about the results soon.
This is another great read covering double spends on IOTA without a coordinator: www.tangleblog.com/2017/07/10/is-double-spending-possible-with-iota/
This too: http://www.reddit.com/Iota/comments/7eix4a/any_iota_guru_that_can_explain_what_this_guy_is/dq5ijrm
Also this correspondence with Vitalik and Come_from_Beyond https://twitter.com/DavidSonstebo/status/932510087301779456
At the end of the day, outstanding claims require outstanding evidence and folks approaching IOTA with a “I’ll believe it when I see it” attitude is completely understandable. It’s all about your risk tolerance.

Can IOTA defend double spend attacks?

99% of these “but did they think about double spend attacks?” type questions could just be answered if people went and did their own research. Yes of course they thought about that. That’s like crypto101…
www.tangleblog.com/2017/07/10/is-double-spending-possible-with-iota/

Will IOTA have smart contracts?

Yes - qubic.iota.org

Trinary vs binary?

"By using a ternary number system, the amount of devices and cycles can be reduced significantly. In contrast to two-state devices, multistate devices provide better radix economy with the option for further scaling"
https://www.nature.com/articles/srep36652
https://www.reddit.com/CryptoCurrency/comments/6jgbvb/iota_isnt_it_the_perfect_cryptocurrency/dje8os2/

Bitcoin with lightning network will make IOTA obsolete.

If you want lightning network, IOTA already released it. Called flash channels.
https://blog.iota.org/instant-feeless-flash-channels-88572d9a4385

IOTA rolled its own crypto!

https://blog.iota.org/official-iota-foundation-response-to-the-digital-currency-initiative-at-the-mit-media-lab-part-1-72434583a2
This is why: https://blog.iota.org/the-transparency-compendium-26aa5bb8e260
Cybercrypt has been hired to review and audit it. IOTA is currently running SHA-3/KECCAK now until Curl is ready.

MIT said bad things about IOTA

https://blog.iota.org/official-iota-foundation-response-to-the-digital-currency-initiative-at-the-mit-media-lab-part-1-72434583a2
And for official formal closure that MIT was completely wrong:
https://www.reddit.com/CryptoCurrency/comments/7svr8mit_media_lab_dci_allegations_proven_wrong_iotas/
https://blog.iota.org/curl-disclosure-beyond-the-headline-1814048d08ef
https://medium.com/@comefrombeyond/cfbs-comments-on-https-www-media-mit-edu-posts-iota-response-5834c7f8172d

Nick Johnson says IOTA is bad!

Nick Johnson is an ethereum dev who is incentivized to see IOTA fail, see CFBs twitter responses here.
https://mobile.twitter.com/nicksdjohnson/status/912676954184323073?lang=en
And this
https://t.co/1HgfPhg2lP
And this
https://www.reddit.com/Iota/comments/72lly0/comment/dnjk9f5?st=JB2VKUBB&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;sh=a2892548
And this
https://blog.iota.org/official-iota-foundation-response-to-the-digital-currency-initiative-at-the-mit-media-lab-part-1-72434583a2

IOTA is not private!

Masked authenticated messages exist right now so data can be transferred privately. Very important for businesses.

Coin privacy

Centralized coin mixer is out that foundation runs. Logs are kept so they can collect data and improve it Folks can copy the coin mixer code and run it themselves. Goal is for mixer to be decentralized and ran by any node.

How do nodes scale? How on earth can all that data be stored?

Full nodes store, update and verify from the last snapshot, which happens roughly every month. Its on the roadmap to make snapshotting automatic and up to each full node’s discretion.With automatic snapshots, each full node will act as a partial perma-node and choose when to snapshot its tangle data. If someone wants to keep their tangle data for several months or even years, they could just choose not to snapshot. Or if they are limited on hard drive space, they could snapshot every week.
Perma-nodes would store the entire history of the tangle from the genesis. These are optional and would likely only be created by companies who wish to sell historical access of the tangle as a service or companies who heavily use the tangle for their own data and want to have quick, convenient access to their data’s history.
Swarm nodes are also in development which will ease the burden on full nodes. https://blog.iota.org/iota-development-roadmap-74741f37ed01

Node discovery is manual? Wtf?

Nelson is fixing has fixed this:
https://medium.com/deviota/carriota-nelson-automatic-peer-discovery-for-iota-bdca9b8b8750
https://medium.com/deviota/carriota-nelson-in-a-nutshell-1ee5317d8f19
https://github.com/SemkoDev/nelson.cli

IOTA open source?

https://blog.iota.org/official-iota-foundation-response-to-the-digital-currency-initiative-at-the-mit-media-lab-part-1-72434583a2
IOTA protocol is open source. The coordinator is closed source open source.
https://imgur.com/a/xWQUp

Foundation moved user's funds?

https://blog.iota.org/official-iota-foundation-response-to-the-digital-currency-initiative-at-the-mit-media-lab-part-1-72434583a2
https://blog.iota.org/claims-and-reclaims-finalization-e692844c505a
https://www.reddit.com/Iota/comments/7mmimu/claims_and_reclaims_is_processing/drv63d5/

My IOTA donation address:

9PZFQNPLVDUNGAOYYMMXFWMGNPMNAJWZKTYOOMCYQTZQA9RPVVN9SE9KGOL9HWZFJBXKQGEOY9JJYDXB9TY9FLQPXB
submitted by mufinz2 to Iota [link] [comments]

I Created a Custom Lightning Payment Jackpot Website from Scratch, This Is What I Learnt

TL;DR: I wanted to learn how the Lightning Network operates. So I came up with an idea for a jackpot site using the Lightning Network to handle micro-payments. Operating a Lightning node is complicated and challenging for a beginner. Using custodial wallets like Wallet of Satoshi, BlueWallet or Breez is easy to use but not your keys. Please come by and help me test my Lightning integrated new website. I’m happy to help anyone that’s new to Lightning setup a wallet and play a game. It all helps with learning and adoption, that’s why we’re all here! Long Bitcoin, Short the Bankers!

Introduction: Welcome to a brand new concept in random number seeding. Generating a truly random number is quite hard. You could use the current time, divided by the RPM spin of your hard disk, squared by the temperature of your CPU, and so on. Other extreme methods include measuring quantum fluctuations in a vacuum, see ANU Quantum Random Number. All these methods are fine but none of these are really verifiable by a 3rd party. Whoever running the system can change the outcome. I'm not saying they do, simply stating that if the payoff was great enough to alter the 'reported' outcome they could. So what's different here? We're using the Bitcoin blockchain itself as the arbitrator. Every outcome is not only provably fair but verifiably fair and immutable. Trying to cheat this system is impossible.

So that’s the pitch. Make a website using the idea of whoever’s guess is closest, wins the jackpot; using Lightning to handle all the incoming and outgoing payments. I started to look around at other fully functional websites offering Lightning as a payment method. It turns out most use a 3rd party like OpenNode or CoinGate. To me, this defeats the whole purpose of Bitcoin. Why build a website/offer a service/offer Lightning as a payment method if you don’t even own or control your funds. A payment processor could simply turn off withdrawals and it’s over. Not your keys, not your coins!

It’s been quite a learning experience for me. I think the most frustrating thing to figure out and attempt to solve was channel capacity. For example, with a fresh new wallet setup on Bitcoin Lightning for Andriod (blue bolt logo), you can open a channel to anyone fine, but trying to receive money won’t work. I think for a beginneadoption this is the greatest hurdle to understand/overcome.
You need to spend money so the other side has some collateral to send back. One explanation I read was, opening Lightning channels are like a full glass of water, I need to tip some of my water into your empty glass so my glass has some room to fill it back up, it can’t overflow. Another one is like beads on a string. The number of beads is up to you but if all the beads are on your side, the other party can’t push any beats your way because you have them all. There’s ways to fix this. Either spend into the channel or buy incoming channel capacity. On the spend side, you can use websites like lightningconductor.net which allow you to send money to their Lightning node, from your new channel, and they’ll send the coins to your on-chain Bitcoin wallet. This is a simple way to empty your glass or push those beads to the other side and still retain all your money, minus LN and on-chain fees. For incoming capacity, you can use LNBig and get 400k satoshis of incoming capacity for free or lightningto.me, or you can pay lightningpowerusers.com or bitrefill.com to open larger capacity channels to you for a small fee.

For a beginner or someone new to Bitcoin/Lightning, using a custodial wallet like BlueWallet, Wallet of Satosh or Breez is far easier than trying to setup channels and buy or massage incoming capacity. You can simply install the application and using lightningconductor.net BTC to LN you can send some Bitcoin and they’ll forward it on to your lightning wallet, for a fee. These custodial wallets accept incoming transactions of 1 million satoshis or more. So now you’ve got a working wallet that’s got a few thousand satoshis, keep reading!

How to play: Two things are verifiable on the blockchain, time between blocks and transactions included in that block. First choose which block#, by default it will be the next one coming up. Then choose a public alias, others will be able to see your bets but they won’t know if you’ve paid or not, only you can see that. Next, guess the time it will take to mine the next Bitcoin or the number of transactions in that block. You can make multiple guesses. If you want to place a number of spread bets, I suggest opening a spreadsheet and getting it to generate the times or transactions for you. For example, put in 2300, then 2350, 2375, 2400, then drag down to generate as many in the sequence as you want. You can bet a maximum of 25 per invoice. This will hopefully ensure the small transaction amount will be successful. Once you’ve generated an invoice, pay it from the QR code or the lightning bolt11 string.
Now you’re ready to go. Wait till the next block goes active or the block you’ve bet on and you’ll see your bets and everyone else’s. Most importantly, what the final jackpot is. Unpaid invoices are discarded. If the block rolls over while you’re making up your mind the page will refresh and you could lose your input. Please plan your bets in notepad or a spreadsheet. I know this is annoying but I never claimed to be a UX codedesigner! It was a struggle getting all the css, ajax and javascript working, ahhhrrrrggg!! Next is the interesting part as this game can become competitive.

Game theory: As others make bets, you can encapsulate theirs. For example, they guess 2750 transactions, you can bet 2749 and 2751. While at first this seems unfair, what it doesn't show is what bets have been paid for and what have not. Only you can see your own bets that are paid and unpaid. To everyone else they look like paid bets. Only when the next block/jackpot starts can you see what's been paid for as unpaid bets are discarded. By placing dummy bets, unpaid, you can sucker someone in and greatly increase the jackpot payout at no cost to yourself. You can also use the same alias, for example, open up two different browsers, one for real bets and one for fake bets. This is why there’s a 25 bet limit, I don’t want people going too crazy with this. You can check your bets in the footer bar under ‘previous bets’. Also, IMPORTANT, please keep track of your account number at the top. If your session or browser has a problem, you can lose access to your bets and jackpot winnings. If this happens and you receive a new account number, simple use the claim jackpot in the footer to claim your winning jackpot. If you don’t have this, I can’t help you if something goes wrong. Rather than having a login/password system you have a unique account id. Don’t lose it! Now back to the blockchain.

What a minute… I though it took 10 minutes to confirm a block? Not always, actually it does this very rarely. If you average out every block over time, it averages around ten minutes. A block is confirmed when a miner takes transactions from the memory pool, up to ~1.2mb worth. Next, now this is the hard part, they need to generate a hash for that block, but it needs to start with X number of leading zeros. To achieve this, they use a random number called a nonce to seed/salt the hash and hopefully, it contains X number of zeros at the start of the block hash. If not, discard and keep trying. The winning block contains the miners local time, which can sometimes be wrong. This is why sometimes you get negative block times. See block #180966 then the next block, #180967's time stamp is before the first one! Who cares, as long as the later block references the previous block to keep the chain intact. You can’t guess negative numbers but you can guess 0 seconds. Which I guess is like betting on the green zero in roulette.

Ready to play?
Each bet is worth 5,000 satoshis. I wanted it to be expensive enough to prevent spam and also the jackpots be large enough that it would be worth playing. I hope you have fun.
Website is https://blockwisdom.com
My Twitter handle is @nixdice
If you have any questions or issues, please contact me here or on Twitter I’ll try my best to sort it out quickly.
submitted by nixdice to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Ethereum's future is bright, the DApps are coming! (x-post from r/ethtrader)

The DApps are coming, the DApps are coming!

Chin up boys and girls – the DApps (Decentralized Apps) are finally coming. Utility, not speculation/manipulation/shilling etc., is what, in the end, will give/justify the value of blockchains.
 
Of the top 100 tokens, 91 of them are on the Ethereum blockchain (ERC-20). The most valuable non-Ethereum tokens by market cap are USDT (4) and GAS (25). Eventually, ICX (6), VeChain (3) and EOS (1) and several others will be migrating to their own blockchains. Still, this leaves Ethereum with an overwhelming market dominance for tokens (aka DApps) and Ethereum has been clearly recognized as the blockchain to launch ICOs/DApps.
 
We have already seen several DApps successfully launch on mainnet including CrytptoKitties, Crypto Sportz, Edgeless, Etherbots, Ethercraft, Etheremon, Etheroll, ETHLend, Forkdelta (RIP Etherdelta), 0xBitcoin and Ethlance among others. Check out a whole list on DappRadar and track the progress of some lesser known, smaller projects on StateoftheDApps (Note: I cannot vouch for all of these DApps. There have been and always will be scammers in the crypto space. Please, always do your own research!)
 
For the rest of March + Q2 (April - June) we are going see the biggest implementation of DApps on the Ethereum mainnet to date. Below I’ve laid out, in alphabetical order and in varying detail, what’s happening between now and the end of Q2 of this year. (I’ve also added some info, where especially relevant, of big stuff coming after Q2). I hope any biases I may have do not come through too much in the writing.
 
To hammer home on utility once more: One year ago today, the daily transaction count was at 57,000. Yesterday, the network confirmed over 752,000 transactions (a 13x increase) (And remember, ATH in January was 1.349 million txns!) [Source]
 

On to the DApps:

 
Airswap
Subreddit
 
Aragon
Subreddit
 
Augur
Subreddit
 
BlockCAT
Subreddit
 
Digix
Subreddit
 
Ethorse
Subreddit
 
FunFair
Subreddit
 
FundRequest
Subreddit
 
Giveth
Wiki
 
Golem
Subreddit
 
iExec
Subreddit
 
Kyber
Subreddit
 
MakerDAO
Subreddit
This project can take a little time to understand, so here's a thorough ELIM5 walkthrough.
 
Melonport
Subreddit
 
OmiseGO
Subreddit
 
Request
Subreddit
 
Spankchain
Subreddit
 
status.im
Subreddit
 
Streamr
Subreddit
 
The 0x Protocol
Subreddit
 
Also, an informative article about some of the differences between the various decentralized exchange protocols here.
 
Some general Ethereum news to be excited about:
 
  • Vitalik recently hinted, in a since deleted tweet, that the sharding testnet will be coming online in the near future (I think Q2 isn’t too early a guess).
    • What is sharding? Sharding is where the entire state of the network is split into a bunch of partitions called shards that contain their own independent piece of state and transaction history. In this system, certain nodes would process transactions only for certain shards, allowing the throughput of transactions processed in total across all shards to be much higher than having a single shard do all the work as the mainchain does now. [Source]
 
  • Alpha Casper FFG testnet has been successfully running since Dec. 31, 2017.
    • What is Casper? Casper FFG aka Vitalik’s Casper is a hybrid POW/POS consensus mechanism. This is the version of Casper that is going to be implemented first. In a Proof of Stake system, validators stake a portion of their Ethers and start validating blocks. Meaning, when they discover a block which they think can be added to the chain, they will validate it by placing a bet on it. [Source]
 
(To stay up-to-date on Ethereum research development, check out Ethresear.ch)
 
  • The Ethereum Community Conference (EthCC) is March 8-10 in Paris. Talks will focus around “scalability, anonymity, development tools, governance compliance” among other topics.
    • Speakers include representatives from the Ethereum Foundation, Ledger, Metamask, Shapeshift, Oraclize, Uport, Web3Foundation, Melonport, ConsenSys, JP Morgan, Coinbase – Toshi, Parity, SpankChain, FunFair, Aragon, AirSwap, EEA, IExec, Cosmos, OmiseGO, Circle, Gnosis, among others.
    • UPDATE: EthCC was a resounding success! If you missed it or want to re-watch any of the talks, check out this handy thread of videos, painstakingly culled and timestamped by u/alsomahler.
  • The Ethereum Developer Conference (EDCON) is May 3-5 in Toronto. This will be the biggest ETH dev conference since DEVCON 3 last November. The agenda is still being worked out, but speakers include representatives from the Ethereum Foundation, Polkadot, Parity, Plasma, OmiseGO, Cosmos, Tendermint, Giveth, Maker, Gnosis, and many others.
  • The Enterprise Ethereum Foundation (EEF) just keeps growing and growing and growing.
 

More, because I just can’t stop:

  • MetaMask recently passed 1 million installs!
  • 5.6 billion requests per day for Infura.io (Decentralized web3 infrastructure)
  • 280,000 downloads of TruffleSuit (ETH development framework)
    [Source]
 
  • ConsenSys has grown to over 600 employees in six major offices located around the world. I personally think ConsenSys is important (and awesome) because they are huge Ethereum evangelists and provide (in)valuable resources to help bring DApps come to life!
    • From their website: “The ConsenSys “hub” coordinates, incubates, accelerates and spawns “spoke” ventures through development, resource sharing, acquisitions, investments and the formation of joint ventures. These spokes benefit from foundational components built by ConsenSys that enable new services and business models to be built on the blockchain.”
    • Several of the projects I listed above are ConSensys formations including AirSwap and MetaMask.
 
Thanks for reading this far! Hopefully it wasn’t too exhausting of a read.
 
I am certain I have forgotten some DApps, so please feel free to comment/PM any and all suggestions/corrections to make this list more informative/inclusive/accurate and I will update it.
TL;DR
submitted by GetYourAssToPluto to ethereum [link] [comments]

Has anyone ever thought of a new type of payment system 2

Has anyone ever thought of a new type of payment system 2

https://preview.redd.it/skvs6r0gvzz21.png?width=1958&format=png&auto=webp&s=b106fe9a7cc282cce9d5b2451cfad10601f43855
I have received a lot of feedback after my post "Has anyone ever thought of a new type of payment system?". Thanks to all of those who tried to analyse and set out their vision. Special thanks to those who doubted my competence and brought out their own understanding of the processes and entered into a dispute. And very special thanks to those few who used only accusations in scam and profanity as arguments - they made me understand that it is impossible to explain to everyone, no matter how hard you try. Nevertheless, thanks to the first two categories It became clear to me that the information presented in the article is incomplete and needs to be described in more detail, but of course, only to the first two categories.
Disclaimer
The chain of relationships listed below has been greatly simplified to facilitate understanding. Consciously omitted many things, the description of which would take a huge amount of space.
Introduction.
Majority who oppose technology do not look up to the future and, most importantly, have no idea about the past. Technologies are similar to science, innovation, they can frighten with their ideas and cause rejection in the beginning. After adoption, adherents become ardent followers and hardly recognise something new that goes against already established convictions. Bethink of Christianity - some tried to eradicate it, destroy it, burn Christians on fires, feed them to lions, killed unarmed people in gladiatorial battles. Later, Christianity itself has struggled with dissent - Galileo, Copernicus, Bruno. Examples that are closer to us in time are cars with internal combustion engines, telephone, radio, airplanes ... all these inventions met resistance at the stage of their appearance and caused a storm of ridicule and aversion and misunderstanding of the “use cases”. Not such a distant example with the advent of the Internet, when the web pages were so simple and uninformative that the majority of the population of the Earth simply did not take it seriously and, moreover, did not see its use. There are many such examples. And even the temporary absence of the “use cases” does not indicate the uselessness or irrelevance of the technology, it indicates that the world is not ready yet to apply the technology at the moment due to habits, beliefs, interests, and sometimes, incompetence. The topic of the blockchain and cryptocurrency in particular is susceptible to reproaches in the absence of its practical use, which is understandable due to the youth of the technology and its initial stage of formation and development. In addition, in some cases, the line should be drawn between the cryptocurrency and the blockchain technology itself, since the majority of people do not see the technology itself, but only its derivative in the form of a mass of coins, most of which are dummies and really have no application. But, nevertheless, even at the present stage of development of the blockchain technology, the talk about the lack of “use cases” indicates not owning information, well, or not wanting to see the obvious - merchants, Jaguar, Facebook...
All this applies to today's financial sector conditions. And that is obvious, because the technology of making payment via plastic cards comes from the 1950s. Several generations of people grew up on the existing system and have a long-established habit of using it. Several generations of banks earn huge amounts of money on commissions that customers pay. Several generations of companies providing these payments have changed leadership. Some have gone, and those who remain hold such strong positions and their profits are so huge that they have no reason to rejoice in large numbers for the technology - after all, they can shake their incomes, and the scale of these companies does not allow them to respond quickly to changing time. But even with this in mind, the interest of these companies in technology is obvious. Such pillars like VISA, MC, WU, Barklays, BBVA and many others either look for ways to introduce the blockchain technology or already use it. But, nevertheless, attempts to introduce the technology are still being applied to the existing payment system, credit, and financial relations. Now, I will introduce my own arguments and briefly describe essentially new approach to making payments.
Part One - "What are the existing payment systems and how do they work."
In today's payment system relations, there are six subjects:
  1. Client - buyer of the goods;
  2. Bank-Issuer, where the client keeps his money;
  3. Seller of the goods (Merchant), which accepts the client's card for payment;
  4. Bank Acquirer, where the Merchant keeps his account;
  5. Switch - payment system (PS) that connects the Issuer and Acquirer (for ease of understanding - VISA, Master Card, AMEX, Union Pay, etc);
  6. Processing center - an enterprise certified by the PS, which processes payments of the Bank-Acquire and Bank-Issuer;
  7. There are still various clearing and settlement centers) authorized by payment systems and local securities in different countries to carry out payment operations and perform clearing processes, i.e., reducing settlements between banks' balances, but we will omit them for simplicity of explanation and understanding, since these functions Centers can be performed by Bank-Equal and, in our example, to simplify the description.
Suppose that an American client, whose account is held in a certain American bank, came to Australia to buy coffee. He pays with his plastic card, putting it to the merchant's terminal (POS-terminal). Money from a client is in the account of an American bank, how does the Merchant receive it? POS-terminal Merchant belongs to the bank in which the Merchant holds its account in Bank Acquirer.
  1. The terminal reads the client card and sends information about it to Bank-Acquirer;
  2. Bank-Acquirer is not connected in any way with the Bank-Issuer, therefore, it cannot request directly the payment, and the transfer directly from America to Australia will not allow the client to enjoy hot coffee. Therefore, Bank-Acquirer asks the Processing Center about the availability of the required balance on the client's card;
  3. The processing center requests Switch for the availability of the required balance on the client card;
  4. Switch contacts the Bank-Issuer and requests the availability of the necessary balance on the client's account;
  5. Bank-Issuer confirms to Switch the existence of the required balance (or does not confirm, then the refusal of the transaction occurs);
  6. Switch confirms to the Processing Center the presence of the required balance on the client’s card (account) and gives a signal to the terminal to confirm the payment;
  7. The processing center confirms to the Bank-Acquirer the existence of the necessary balance on the client’s card (account) and gives a signal to the terminal to confirm the payment;
  8. The client has paid and he leaves satisfied;
  9. Bank-Acquirer transfers the sum of purchase to the merchant's account;
  10. The Bank-Acquirer transfers information about the payment made to the Processing Center and issues a claim for compensation of the payment amount;
  11. The processing center transfers information about the payment the Bank-Acquirer made to Switch, since, in fact, the Bank-Acquire has transferred the money to its merchant;
  12. Switch pays from its funds to the Bank-Acquire (for simplicity of explanation, we omit here the clearing system of settlements through authorized clearing centers (in fact, the process is much more complicated);
  13. Switch bills the Bank-Issuer (for simplicity of explanation, we omit here the clearing system of settlements through authorized clearing centers (in fact, the process is much more complicated);
  14. Bank Issuer paid to Switch (for simplicity of explanation, we omit here the clearing system of settlements through authorized clearing centers (in fact, the process is much more complicated)
We can introduce scheme:

Traditional processing scheme
Switch is an intermediary between all the parties of the entire system and receives a commission for all transactions. Who can even imagine the infrastructure setting expenses to operate the processes of settlement analysis, comply with the requirements of KYC / AML, match modern safety requirementsfor the launching of data centers around the world. Of course, commission is the source to operate.
For ease of explanation, we imagine that the Switch is the processing center.
Conceptually, costs can be divided into Organizational and Technical
  1. Organizational:
  • creating jobs for staff of specialists, most of which are expensive: system administrators, engineers, 24 hrs. support services and an authorization center;
  • making decisions of the placement of software and hardware systems. Organization of your own premise(s) or placement of your software and hardware systems in the premises of a third-party company (outsourcer);
  • development of a system for controlling access to the premise(s) of the processing center, including such procedures as: organizing access monitoring, employees to the processing center premises, developing work procedures in high-security areas, etc .;
  • making a decision on the choice of the supplier of software necessary for building a processing center certified by an appropriate payment system;
  • deciding on the choice of suppliers of related services (for example, courier services and / or gateways for sending SMS or PUSH messages, and the subsequent construction of contractual and working relations with it;
  • development, coordination and implementation of procedures for correct work with cryptographic equipment and quantities, and issuance of domestic regulations governing the work of security officers (security officers);
  1. Technical:
  • The purchase of hardware (system units, hard drives, RAM (random access memory, Does RAM), uninterruptible and backup power supplies, racks, etc.),
  • the purchase of the server software (operating systems, database systems, etc.), including license fees vendors of such software,
  • the purchase of cryptographic equipment necessary for the generation and correct processing of operations on cryptographic values, such as CVV or CVC;
  • information security solutions (ensuring compliance with the requirements of PCI DSS, federal laws, protection document management systems);
And such (all of the above) costs must be borne constantly, if we are talking about expanding your presence. Switch (processing centers) can cover these costs only with a part of the commission for the implementation of monetary transactions, which is borne by the other participants in payment relations.
Since the recipient of the client’s money is ultimately the merchant (seller / trader), it is logical that the entire amount of the commission is charged to him. This commission is called Interchange Fee (hereinafter - IF), it can be from 0.7% to 5% depending on the riskiness of operations. For example, an ordinary store, on average, pays 1.5% of IF, while, for example, an online store can pay 5%.
It is noteworthy that for the client this commission is not visible and in 90% of cases he does not even know about it. Such a commission is included in the price of the goods. That is, by selling you a product for $ 100, the Merchant will receive (if he pays IF = 2.24%) $ 97.76. The Switch distributes these $ 2.24 between the participants as follows:
Traditional Processing (TP)
Consumer pays$ 100.00Overall Fee$ 2.24Issuer Receives$ 1.80Acquirer Receives$ 0.31Visa Receive$ 0.13Merchant Receives$ 97.76
o we pulled how the current payment system functions. Now, in detail about how this can function using blockchain technology.
Part 2 - “New payment system and how it works.”
One of the main significant achievements of blockchain technology is excluding of intermediaries. In the field of finance, this gives special advantages — cost savings.
A new type of payment systems based on blockchain can successfully use this advantage. Naturally, there are necessary assumptions for the use of this technology in the financial sphere:
  1. It is necessary that the two contractors and the Merchant are in the same blockchain;
  2. Merchant must have a POS terminal transmitting information to the blockchain;
  3. Banks must open clients wallets and implement data exchange between blockchain and ABS (automated banking system) of the bank,
  4. In order to comply with the requirements of KYC / AML, private keys are kept by the bank;
  5. Must be a blockchain base Switch to physically conduct clearing of payments between the Merchant and the Issuing Bank.
Just as in the situation above with our American customer buying coffee in Australia: the same American and Australian banks, but they are in the same blockchain. It is convenient to send just cryptocurrency, of course, but the question immediately arises - “Why does the Merchant need it and what will it do with it? How will he solve the issue of currency fluctuations? ”Immediately make a reservation that I will not describe the technology here thoroughly, since this is a commercial secret, but briefly, I will describe the principle of operation.
So, two banks are in the same blockchain. In the blockchain, there is a special protocol implemented that allows to “mirror” the client fiat accounts to the blockchain, thus, the exchange of information between the client’s account and the blockchain takes place on an ongoing basis.
  1. The client brings the card to the merchant's terminal; the terminal requests the availability of the required amount in the blockchain. If the required amount is available (if not - decline), the protocol starts the transaction, which the client confirms (fingerprint);
  2. The Fiat amount on the client’s account of the Bank-Issuer is held by the Bank (thus collaterizing the amount of cryptocurrency to be transferred);
  3. The required, “mirror” amount in cryptocurrency is transferred to the Merchant's wallet;
  4. Merchant's wallet, having received the transaction, sends information to the Merchant Terminal, payment is accepted;
  5. The American enjoys coffee. Now, the Merchant has a cryptocurrency on the wallet, Bank-Issuer hold amount in fiat currency;
  6. Switch (the very same payment system), “buys” the cryptocurrency for the Australian dollar from the Merchant in Australia, in America, the Bank-Issuer transfers Switch a collaterized amount of USD.
Again, for ease of explanation, I omit some points that accompany the clearing process.
The scheme of the work of the new payment system can be represented as follows:

Decentralized Processing scheme

What is the advantage?
  1. Switch can set the price for its services significantly lower than existing today, because it saves on the entire infrastructure - hardware, data centers, personnel.
  2. The Bank-Acquirer does not lend, in fact, the Merchant’s account, so its remuneration can be significantly reduced. In addition, in this chain of relations Bank-Acquirer is not needed at all, because the Merchant can hold an account immediately in the Switch;
  3. There is no need to create processing centers, which means that you do not need to bear the costs of creating infrastructure;
  4. The cost of the transaction in the blockchain network is from $ 0.01- $ 0,05;
  5. Transaction time - from 1 to 5 seconds;
In numbers, everything looks like this:
Decentralized Processing (DP)SavingConsumer pays$ 100.00Overall Fee$ 0.650-70.98%Issuer Receives$ 0.35Acquirer Receives$ 0.30Switch$ 0.13Merchant Receives$ 99.22-65.18%
The savings in the process are obvious! The merchant receives 65.18% more money on his account. Bank-Acquirer receives almost as much as in the scheme with traditional processing. The Bank-Issuer receives less remuneration, but under a scheme with decentralized processing, it bears much less expenses on security of payments, payment verification, customer verification, respectively, personnel costs, which always constitute the bulk of costs, decrease.
Conclusion.
In addition to the above economic factors, a new type of payment system has another, perhaps one of the most important advantages compared to traditional PS - to provide an infrastructure for the issuing of plastic cards for issuing banks is much cheaper than traditional PS.
The main problem that the new PS will face is the speed of processing payments. VISA today can handle 150 million transactions per day or 1,700 transactions per second with the possibility of securing up to 24,000 transactions per second. Until a certain time, no public blockchain could solve this problem. Now, compared to the published data on the speed of other blockchains on main net, NeuronChain can confidently claim 2nd place at its speed of 100,000 tps, so this issue is no longer a deterrent.
Of course, to implement the payment relations described above, it is necessary to do a great deal of work, not only on the IT part, but also on technical and legal issues, to spend tremendous efforts on marketing and explaining the processes of the participants in the relationship. But impossible is nothing. In any case, the blockchain technology gives us this opportunity.
submitted by neuronchain to NeuronChain [link] [comments]

Has anyone ever thought of a new type of payment system - 2

Has anyone ever thought of a new type of payment system - 2

https://preview.redd.it/joq0knsisvx21.png?width=1958&format=png&auto=webp&s=fa6c9f6cce01bd413fc961fe54bb9f950e274112
I have received a lot of feedback after my post "Has anyone ever thought of a new type of payment system?". Thanks to all of those who tried to analyse and set out their vision. Special thanks to those who doubted my competence and brought out their own understanding of the processes and entered into a dispute. And very special thanks to those few who used only accusations in scam and profanity as arguments - they made me understand that it is impossible to explain to everyone, no matter how hard you try. Nevertheless, thanks to the first two categories It became clear to me that the information presented in the article is incomplete and needs to be described in more detail, but of course, only to the first two categories.
Disclaimer
The chain of relationships listed below has been greatly simplified to facilitate understanding. Consciously omitted many things, the description of which would take a huge amount of space.
Introduction.
Majority who oppose technology do not look up to the future and, most importantly, have no idea about the past. Technologies are similar to science, innovation, they can frighten with their ideas and cause rejection in the beginning. After adoption, adherents become ardent followers and hardly recognise something new that goes against already established convictions. Bethink of Christianity - some tried to eradicate it, destroy it, burn Christians on fires, feed them to lions, killed unarmed people in gladiatorial battles. Later, Christianity itself has struggled with dissent - Galileo, Copernicus, Bruno. Examples that are closer to us in time are cars with internal combustion engines, telephone, radio, airplanes ... all these inventions met resistance at the stage of their appearance and caused a storm of ridicule and aversion and misunderstanding of the “use cases”. Not such a distant example with the advent of the Internet, when the web pages were so simple and uninformative that the majority of the population of the Earth simply did not take it seriously and, moreover, did not see its use. There are many such examples. And even the temporary absence of the “use cases” does not indicate the uselessness or irrelevance of the technology, it indicates that the world is not ready yet to apply the technology at the moment due to habits, beliefs, interests, and sometimes, incompetence. The topic of the blockchain and cryptocurrency in particular is susceptible to reproaches in the absence of its practical use, which is understandable due to the youth of the technology and its initial stage of formation and development. In addition, in some cases, the line should be drawn between the cryptocurrency and the blockchain technology itself, since the majority of people do not see the technology itself, but only its derivative in the form of a mass of coins, most of which are dummies and really have no application. But, nevertheless, even at the present stage of development of the blockchain technology, the talk about the lack of “use cases” indicates not owning information, well, or not wanting to see the obvious - merchants, Jaguar, Facebook...
All this applies to today's financial sector conditions. And that is obvious, because the technology of making payment via plastic cards comes from the 1950s. Several generations of people grew up on the existing system and have a long-established habit of using it. Several generations of banks earn huge amounts of money on commissions that customers pay. Several generations of companies providing these payments have changed leadership. Some have gone, and those who remain hold such strong positions and their profits are so huge that they have no reason to rejoice in large numbers for the technology - after all, they can shake their incomes, and the scale of these companies does not allow them to respond quickly to changing time. But even with this in mind, the interest of these companies in technology is obvious. Such pillars like VISA, MC, WU, Barklays, BBVA and many others either look for ways to introduce the blockchain technology or already use it. But, nevertheless, attempts to introduce the technology are still being applied to the existing payment system, credit, and financial relations. Now, I will introduce my own arguments and briefly describe essentially new approach to making payments.
Part One - "What are the existing payment systems and how do they work."
In today's payment system relations, there are six subjects:
  1. Client - buyer of the goods;
  2. Bank-Issuer, where the client keeps his money;
  3. Seller of the goods (Merchant), which accepts the client's card for payment;
  4. Bank Acquirer, where the Merchant keeps his account;
  5. Switch - payment system (PS) that connects the Issuer and Acquirer (for ease of understanding - VISA, Master Card, AMEX, Union Pay, etc);
  6. Processing center - an enterprise certified by the PS, which processes payments of the Bank-Acquire and Bank-Issuer;
  7. There are still various clearing and settlement centers) authorized by payment systems and local securities in different countries to carry out payment operations and perform clearing processes, i.e., reducing settlements between banks' balances, but we will omit them for simplicity of explanation and understanding, since these functions can be performed by Bank-Acquirer and, in our example, to simplify the description).
Suppose that an American client, whose account is held in a certain American bank, came to Australia to buy coffee. He pays with his plastic card, putting it to the merchant's terminal (POS-terminal). Money from a client is in the account of an American bank, how does the Merchant receive it? POS-terminal Merchant belongs to the bank in which the Merchant holds its account in Bank-Acquirer.
  1. The terminal reads the client card and sends information about it to Bank-Acquirer;
  2. Bank-Acquirer is not connected in any way with the Bank-Issuer, therefore, it cannot request directly the payment, and the transfer directly from America to Australia will not allow the client to enjoy hot coffee. Therefore, Bank-Acquirer asks the Processing Center about the availability of the required balance on the client's card;
  3. The processing center requests Switch for the availability of the required balance on the client card;
  4. Switch contacts the Bank-Issuer and requests the availability of the necessary balance on the client's account;
  5. Bank-Issuer confirms to Switch the existence of the required balance (or does not confirm, then the refusal of the transaction occurs);
  6. Switch confirms to the Processing Center the presence of the required balance on the client’s card (account) and gives a signal to the terminal to confirm the payment;
  7. The processing center confirms to the Bank-Acquirer the existence of the necessary balance on the client’s card (account) and gives a signal to the terminal to confirm the payment;
  8. The client has paid and he leaves satisfied;
  9. Bank-Acquirer transfers the sum of purchase to the merchant's account;
  10. The Bank-Acquirer transfers information about the payment made to the Processing Center and issues a claim for compensation of the payment amount;
  11. The processing center transfers information about the payment the Bank-Acquirer made to Switch, since, in fact, the Bank-Acquire has transferred the money to its merchant;
  12. Switch pays from its funds to the Bank-Acquire (for simplicity of explanation, we omit here the clearing system of settlements through authorized clearing centers (in fact, the process is much more complicated);
  13. Switch bills the Bank-Issuer (for simplicity of explanation, we omit here the clearing system of settlements through authorized clearing centers (in fact, the process is much more complicated);
  14. Bank Issuer paid to Switch (for simplicity of explanation, we omit here the clearing system of settlements through authorized clearing centers (in fact, the process is much more complicated)
We can introduce scheme:

Traditional Processing scheme
Switch is an intermediary between all the parties of the entire system and receives a commission for all transactions. Who can even imagine the infrastructure launching expenses to operate the processes of settlement analysis, comply with the requirements of KYC / AML, match modern safety requirements for the launching of data centers around the world. Of course, commission is the source to do it.
For ease of explanation, we imagine that the Switch is the processing center.
Conceptually, costs can be divided into Organizational and Technical
  1. Organizational:
  • creating jobs for staff of specialists, most of which are expensive: system administrators, engineers, 24 hrs. support services and an authorization center;
  • making decisions of the placement of software and hardware systems. Organization of your own premise(s) or placement of your software and hardware systems in the premises of a third-party company (outsourcer);
  • development of a system for controlling access to the premise(s) of the processing center, including such procedures as: organizing access monitoring, employees to the processing center premises, developing work procedures in high-security areas, etc;
  • making a decision on the choice of the supplier of software necessary for building a processing center certified by an appropriate payment system;
  • deciding on the choice of suppliers of related services (for example, courier services and / or gateways for sending SMS or PUSH messages, and the subsequent construction of contractual and working relations with it;
  • development, coordination and implementation of procedures for correct work with cryptographic equipment and quantities, and issuance of domestic regulations governing the work of security officers (security officers);
  1. Technical:
  • The purchase of hardware (system units, hard drives, RAM (random access memory, Does RAM), uninterruptible and backup power supplies, racks, etc.),
  • the purchase of the server software (operating systems, database systems, etc.), including license fees vendors of such software,
  • the purchase of cryptographic equipment necessary for the generation and correct processing of operations on cryptographic values, such as CVV or CVC;
  • information security solutions (ensuring compliance with the requirements of PCI DSS, federal laws, protection document management systems);
And such (all of the above) costs must be borne constantly, if we are talking about expanding your presence. Switch (processing centers) can cover these costs only with a part of the commission for the implementation of monetary transactions, which is borne by the other participants in payment relations.
Since the recipient of the client’s money is ultimately the merchant (seller / trader), it is logical that the entire amount of the commission is charged to him. This commission is called Interchange Fee (hereinafter - IF), it can be from 0.7% to 5% depending on the riskiness of operations. For example, an ordinary store, on average, pays 1.5% of IF, while, for example, an online store can pay 5%.
It is noteworthy that for the client this commission is not visible and in 90% of cases he does not even know about it. Such a commission is included in the price of the goods. That is, by selling you a product for $ 100, the Merchant will receive (if he pays IF = 2.24%) $ 97.76. The Switch distributes these $ 2.24 between the participants as follows:

Traditional Processing Sum
Consumer pays $ 100.00
Overall Fee $ 2.24
Issuer Receives $ 1.80
Acquirer Receives $ 0.31
Visa Receives $ 0.13
Merchant Receives $ 97.76
So we pulled how the current payment system functions. Now, in detail about how this can function using blockchain technology.
Part 2 - “New payment system and how it works.”
One of the main significant achievements of blockchain technology is excluding of intermediaries. In the field of finance, this gives special advantages — cost savings.
A new type of payment systems based on blockchain can successfully use this advantage. Naturally, there are necessary assumptions for the use of this technology in the financial sphere:
  1. It is necessary that the two contractors and the Merchant are in the same blockchain;
  2. Merchant must have a POS terminal transmitting information to the blockchain;
  3. Banks must open clients wallets and implement data exchange between blockchain and ABS (automated banking system) of the bank,
  4. In order to comply with the requirements of KYC / AML, private keys are kept by the bank;
  5. Must be a blockchain base Switch to physically conduct clearing of payments between the Merchant and the Issuing Bank.
Just as in the situation above with our American customer buying coffee in Australia: the same American and Australian banks, but they are in the same blockchain. It is convenient to send just cryptocurrency, of course, but the question immediately arises - “Why does the Merchant need it and what will it do with it? How will he solve the issue of currency fluctuations? ”Immediately make a reservation that I will not describe the technology here thoroughly, since this is a commercial secret, but briefly, I will describe the principle of operation.
So, two banks are in the same blockchain. In the blockchain, there is a special protocol implemented that allows to “mirror” the client fiat accounts to the blockchain, thus, the exchange of information between the client’s account and the blockchain takes place on an ongoing basis.
  1. The client brings the card to the merchant's terminal; the terminal requests the availability of the required amount in the blockchain. If the required amount is available (if not - decline), the protocol starts the transaction, which the client confirms (fingerprint);
  2. The Fiat amount on the client’s account of the Bank-Issuer is held by the Bank (thus collaterizing the amount of cryptocurrency to be transferred);
  3. The required, “mirror” amount in cryptocurrency is transferred to the Merchant's wallet;
  4. Merchant's wallet, having received the transaction, sends information to the Merchant Terminal, payment is accepted;
  5. The American enjoys coffee. Now, the Merchant has a cryptocurrency on the wallet, Bank-Issuer hold amount in fiat currency;
  6. Switch (the very same payment system), “buys” the cryptocurrency for the Australian dollar from the Merchant in Australia, in America, the Bank-Issuer transfers Switch a collaterized amount of USD.
Again, for ease of explanation, I omit some points that accompany the clearing process.
The scheme of the work of the new payment system can be represented as follows:

Decentralized Processing scheme

What is the advantage?
  1. Switch can set the price for its services significantly lower than existing today, because it saves on the entire infrastructure - hardware, data centers, personnel.
  2. The Bank-Acquirer does not lend, in fact, the Merchant’s account, so its remuneration can be significantly reduced. In addition, in this chain of relations Bank-Acquirer is not needed at all, because the Merchant can hold an account immediately in the Switch;
  3. There is no need to create processing centers, which means that you do not need to bear the costs of creating infrastructure;
  4. The cost of the transaction in the blockchain network is from $ 0.01- $ 0,05;
  5. Transaction time - from 1 to 5 seconds;
In numbers, everything looks like this:

Decentralized Processing (DP) Sum Saving
Consumer pays $ 100.00
Overall Fee $ 0.650 -70.98%
Issuer Receives $ 0.35
Acquirer Receives $ 0.30
Switch $ 0.13
Merchant Receives $ 99.22 -65.18%

The savings in the process are obvious! The merchant receives 65.18% more money on his account. Bank-Acquirer receives almost as much as in the scheme with traditional processing. The Bank-Issuer receives less remuneration, but under a scheme with decentralized processing, it bears much less expenses on security of payments, payment verification, customer verification, respectively, personnel costs, which always constitute the bulk of costs, decrease.
Conclusion.
In addition to the above economic factors, a new type of payment system has another, perhaps one of the most important advantages compared to traditional PS - to provide an infrastructure for the issuing of plastic cards for issuing banks is much cheaper than traditional PS.
The main problem that the new PS will face is the speed of processing payments. VISA today can handle 150 million transactions per day or 1,700 transactions per second with the possibility of securing up to 24,000 transactions per second. Until a certain time, no public blockchain could solve this problem. Now, compared to the published data on the speed of other blockchains on main net, NeuronChain can confidently claim 2nd place at its speed of 100,000 tps, so this issue is no longer a deterrent.
Of course, to implement the payment relations described above, it is necessary to do a great deal of work, not only on the IT part, but also on technical and legal issues, to spend tremendous efforts on marketing and explaining the processes of the participants in the relationship. But impossible is nothing. In any case, the blockchain technology gives us this opportunity.
Join us -
https://t.me/neuronchain
https://twitter.com/neuronchain
https://medium.com/@neuronchain
https://steemit.com/@neuronchain
https: //www.facebook. com / NeuronChain /
https://www.instagram.com/neuronchain/
submitted by neuronchain to Buttcoin [link] [comments]

I'm writing a Bitcoin story for national television broadcast and online distribution that millions will see. What do you want it to say?

Disclaimer: I've owned Bitcoins since 2011 and am very active in /Bitcoin, but use a different alias. This is my "real name" Reddit account matching my Twitter account: @danls.
I'm also Vice President of Money Talks News. The company started more than 22 years ago as a consumer finance television news segment, and grew to 85 broadcast markets, more than 3 million viewers, and won 2 Emmys.
8 years ago, I joined the company and we started a web site. That site now does more than 1 million unique visitors per month, and our content is syndicated to MSN, Yahoo, AOL, Comcast, and a few others.
For example, this URL is just 15 pages of our videos: http://www.bing.com/videos/browse/money/finance
Bitcoins have grown in popularity to the point where they're now becoming a mainstream topic of conversation, and we're about to introduce our viewers and readers to them.
We'd like to put out a "Bitcoin for Dummies" television story and matching written piece, though without the potentially trademark infringing title.
Rather than write the story, publish it, and see it bashed to hell in this subreddit for being too anti-Bitcoin or too pro-Bitcoin or not-enough-about-Bitcoin, I'd rather give everyone here an opportunity to provide input before the story is finished.
So what do you want to see included in a Bitcoin story?
Right now, I'm planning to tell our audience to only buy through Coinbase, and never keep more in that account that you would in the wallet you walk around with. Anything over that amount is safest on an encrypted paper wallet stored in a bank vault (which I'm going to try and explain how to setup as simply as possible).
But do you think I should talk about 2-of-3 private keys? Armory/Electrum Online/Offline wallets? How important do you think understanding the block chain is to a new Bitcoiner? Think it's worth talking about mining when it's essentially unprofitable to all but the most hooked-up miners? How much explanation should be spent on Altcoins? Or is there some other aspect of Bitcoin you've always wanted to see detailed in the media? This is your chance to speak up.
Just so everyone is aware, I'm capable of writing this story without input. I'm not asking for help understanding Bitcoin. Rather, this is an opportunity for you to take part in shaping a Bitcoin story that millions will see, written by an early adopter. So don't be a troll.
submitted by danls to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

What is Bitcoin? Detailed Explanation for Beginners HOW does BITCOIN WORK for dummies Bitcoin and cryptocurrencies explained for beginners - YouTube What is Bitcoin? A Beginner's Explanation Bitcoin explained and made simple  Guardian Animations ...

Bitcoin is a form of digital currency that was founded during the financial crisis in 2009. In September of 2008, Lehman Brothers filed for the largest bankruptcy in history. The collapse of this giant kicked off a global financial crisis. A few months later, Bitcoin was born. As a basic explanation, Bitcoin is bank-free internet money. Bitcoin was the first widely adopted ... is an entrepreneurial and lifestyle website that is expanding their coverage into crypto and asked me to write a “Bitcoin for Dummies” article. What is ... This simple analogy is exactly how Bitcoin operates, albeit on a much more complicated level. Bitcoin runs on a global computer network, and each transaction is compiled into new blocks which are then connected to the last block on the blockchain. And the bitcoin miners are the ledger-keepers who work hard to record transactions and mine those precious bitcoins. What is Bitcoin for dummies - A simple explanation for beginners. Charis Lattimore. Follow. 5 years ago 4 views. What is Bitcoin for dummies - A simple explanation for beginners. Report. Browse more videos. Playing next. 0:29 ... Bitcoin’s Blockchain is the technology that allows strangers to work together to exchange money without trust. This means no middlemen like banks are needed. Instead of recording transactions in private record systems like a bank or credit card company does, Bitcoin users record ALL transactions at the SAME TIME in IDENTICAL copies of the Blockchain. As a result, any attempt to fool the ...

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What is Bitcoin? Detailed Explanation for Beginners

I simple explanation video of how does Bitcoin work for dummies. I explain how Bitcoin works for beginners. Hopefully, this helps you to get a better idea! I explain how Bitcoin works for beginners. Baffled by bitcoin? Confused by the concept of crypto-currencies? Well, fear no more. In 190 seconds we explain what bitcoin actually is, where the idea came... What is Bitcoin for dummies - A simple explanation for beginners - Duration: 2:39. 99Bitcoins 38,034 views. 2:39. How Bitcoin Works in 5 Minutes (Technical) - Duration: 5:26. 1. Referring to Satoshi as “he” is simply a matter of convenience because to this day no one knows exactly who or even what Satoshi is. He, she, they, or it remains totally anonymous. On a ... In this video I discuss the purpose of bitcoin along with an example of how transactions are made and sent. I attempt to explain everything simply at a high-level so anyone can understand. The ...

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